The city of Nuremberg is located in the state of Bavaria in southern Germany, and some speculate that the first settlement there began as early as 1040 AD. To some of us, the city is known for its history and the stories associated with it, but it turns out that Nuremberg is a tourist city in every way, a city that attracts crowds of visitors over the years and in recent years also many Israelis who have discovered the secret of its charm.
Nuremberg is a very ancient city, as mentioned, which has undergone quite a few upheavals and changes throughout history. During World War II, the city served as the center of the Nazi government and quite a few party gatherings were held there. After the victory of the Allies, the trials of many war criminals were held in the city, including the famous Nuremberg trials. Over the years, quite a few residents joined the city and today over half a million people live there, among them a small community of Jews, most of whom immigrated to it from the Commonwealth of Nations.
There are quite a few fascinating points of interest in Nuremberg, including the old city which was successfully restored after being almost completely destroyed during World War II. It also has magnificent and impressive churches and a number of interesting museums, which attract many visitors.
In the last decade, Nuremberg has become a very touristic city, visited by tourists from all over the world and, of course, Israelis as well. As befits such a city, Nuremberg provides diverse accommodation solutions, from simple and relatively cheap accommodation to expensive and luxurious hotels. Some of these accommodations are right in the center of the city and not far from the various sites and attractions, and some are located in more distant areas. You can also find Airbnb apartments in Nuremberg, which have become very popular recently, and a number of guesthouses for tourists whose budgets are not that high.
Similar to other cities in Germany, in Nuremberg too there is a lot of development in regards to the culinary industry. All over the city, quite a few good and well-invested restaurants have opened in recent years, some offering traditional German cuisine and some other good cuisines. In Nuremberg you can find Mediterranean restaurants, French restaurants, various exotic Asian restaurants and more. There are well-known and cheap fast food chains in the city, food stalls and also vegan and vegetarian restaurants that are considered very popular.
In Nuremberg you can find a very wide variety of attractions and points of interest, which justify a stop. The city, with its rich history, provides its visitors with a selection of options that can be combined during their short or long stay. While wandering through it you can learn a lot about the history of the city, the history of the people and also about the history of Germany as a whole.
Tip – those coming to Nuremberg are offered a special discount card – Nurnberg Card. The ticket costs about 28 euros per person and gives free entry to more than 40 museums and attractions throughout the city, free travel on all public transport services in the Nuremberg, Pirt and Stein area (Zone A) and all this for two consecutive days (48 hours). In order to receive it, you must prove that you live in Nuremberg or in Pirt in an official place. The ticket can be obtained at the airport through the various travel companies or at the hotels. It is recommended to order it in advance.
Here is a short overview of attractions in Nuremberg that warrant a stop:
Nuremberg Castle (Nuremberg Castle) – this impressive castle is considered one of the interesting attractions of Nuremberg, the one that attracts crowds of tourists throughout the months of the year. It has existed since the Middle Ages, when it was initially used as a place of residence for the emperor and his entourage while they went on journeys throughout the empire, as well as as a place where the monarch gathered. Being located between the main trade routes of Europe and the entire empire, the castle gained a place of honor and became very important. Over the years, the castle has seen many upheavals and changes and it even housed the treasures of the royals, including the original crowns, until they moved to Vienna. Today, when visiting the castle, you can see in the complex the Imperial Chapel, one of its more ancient buildings, which includes two floors, the stables and the Logisland tower, its eastern tower built in 1377. The complex also has the Kaisersthalung – the imperial barn, the castle gate, the It is the main entrance to the place and the palace built in the 13th century.
Albercht-Durer-Haus – this special place, a prominent attraction in the city, is the home of Albrecht Dürer, a German Renaissance artist, where he lived from 1509 until his death in 1528. The house is in the northwestern part of the city, no It is far from its walls and it was built in 1420, so it is speculated. In a five-story house and after it was purchased in 1501, it was renovated and small windows were added to the roof, so that it could also function as an observatory. After its owner died in 1504, Dürer purchased it in 1509 and made the place his permanent home. Since 1871, the place has been used as a museum dedicated to Dürer’s life and works. After being damaged by Allied bombing during World War II, the house was rebuilt in 1949 but did not open as a museum until 1971, Dürer’s 500th birthday. Today you can join a fascinating tour of the museum, led by an actress who plays the artist’s wife, Agnes Durer.
The Documentation Center of the Nazi Party (Dokumentationszentrum Reichsparteitagsgelände) – this is one of the most interesting museums in the city, one that tells a lot about history and allows its visitors to learn quite a bit about what happened in those dark years in the city, during the rise of the Nazis to power and throughout the war period. The Documentation Center of the Nazi Party in Nuremberg currently presents a permanent exhibition dealing with the causes of the rise of the Nazis, the connections of the party and the consequences of Nazi Germany, with specific reference, among other things, to Nuremberg itself. In 1994, the city council decided to establish this important documentation center and its design was assigned to the Austrian architect Gunter Doming, who designed the museum and won an international competition for this design in 1998. The exhibition is structured in chronological order. The showrooms vary in size and structure and the corridors, as well as the halls, are used as a place to display the various elements.
Church of Our Lady (Frauenkirche Nürnberg – Church of Our Lady) – not to be confused with the church in Dresden of the same name! This magnificent church is located east of the central market in the city and is an example of the Gothic style of architecture that was very popular in the 14th century. The Church of Our Lady was built between 1352 and 1362 and contains a very large number of statues, some of which were restored after being destroyed. The church preserves quite a few works of art from the Middle Ages and monuments created in 1498. The church was originally built on the site of the former Jewish synagogue, which was destroyed during the pogrom of 1349. It includes an entrance hall with two aisles and contains nine bays, supported by four columns.
The National Museum (Germanisches National Museum) – This is a wonderful opportunity to learn about both art and German culture. This fascinating national museum was founded in 1852 and today you can find a large collection of items related to German culture and art from prehistoric times to the present day. It is Germany’s largest cultural history museum and holds 1.3 million objects, including books, prints and drawings. The museum is located in the south of the historic city center and not far from the city wall. Its entrance hall was designed and redesigned by the Israeli sculptor Danny Karvan inspired by the theme of human rights.
The Toy Museum (Nuremberg Toy Museum) – this special attraction is one of the most interesting in the city and is suitable for all ages, both adults and young people. The Nuremberg Toy Museum is a city museum that was first opened to the public in 1971. It is considered one of the most famous toy museums in the world, depicting the history of toys since ancient times. The building itself, where the museum operates, is a very old building, built, as is assumed, at the beginning of the 16th century and used as the home of Wilhelm Heller, a member of a patriarchal family. In 1611, the place was purchased by Paul Candler, the jewelry maker, and later passed into other hands. It was badly damaged during World War II but was rebuilt in the following years. The museum currently includes a collection of about 12,000 toys collected over decades by Lydia and Paul Bayer (hence the second name of the museum is the “Lydia Bayer Museum”). It covers an area of 15,000 square meters and is internationally recognized.
The Nuremberg Zoo (Nuremberg Zoo) – This large zoo includes over 300 different species of animals and is based on an ancient tradition that goes back far and wide to the Middle Ages, when the nobles kept animals and a private zoo. The zoo itself was founded in 1912, but after the Nazis came to power, it was forced to give way to its armies and was closed in February 1939. About two months later, in May, a new zoo was opened elsewhere, but was almost completely destroyed following the bombings that were dropped on the city. It was rebuilt in the late 1950s. Today it is a very prominent attraction in the city, one that attracts quite a few families with children.
The Nuremberg Transport Museum (Nuremberg Transport Museum) – This museum includes two museums: the DB Museum and the Communication Museum. It is one of the oldest museums in Europe in the field of the history of technology and is considered a milestone in everything related to industrial heritage. The DB Museum, opened in 1899, is the oldest railway museum in Germany and focuses, among other things, on the history of railways. The current building where it is located was built in 1925 and includes permanent and changing exhibitions. The Communications Museum presents the 500 years of postal and telecommunication services in the state of Bavaria, from the Middle Ages to the present day. It displays technical equipment, printers, old televisions and also modern and innovative satellites.
The Botanical Gardens (Botanischer Garten Erlangen) – every city needs a green bubble to escape to and the city of Nuremberg also won one of these in the form of botanical gardens. Nuremberg’s botanical gardens are maintained and maintained by the city’s university and are open to visitors throughout the week, except Mondays. Their origin dates back to 1626, when they are only in their current location since 1828. Today they contain about 4,000 different species of plants, with different climatic characteristics, including those kept in greenhouses.
Those coming to Nuremberg are offered convenient, efficient and available transportation solutions. At the same time, there are many travelers who choose the option of renting a car in Nuremberg. Renting a car is an excellent opportunity to enjoy a more independent trip and also combine a stop at other destinations, near and far. The rented car can be picked up directly at the airport, after landing, or at the offices of the car rental companies, who close the deal with them.
There are currently direct flights to Nuremberg, low cost flights, mostly operated by the Ryanair airline and departing from Ben Gurion Airport. These flights, lasting four hours and 10 minutes on average, bring many Israelis to the city, who wish to focus on it or combine it with a trip to other cities in Germany. Other airlines also offer flights to Nuremberg, but these are flights with intermediate stops. These are the companies: El Al, Air France, Lotte, Swiss, KLM and more. Nuremberg Airport is a very active international airport, considered the second busiest in Bavaria. It is located about 5 km north of Nuremberg and domestic flights and flights to nearby destinations depart and take off from it.
Nuremberg is suitable for traveling in any season, but most visitors choose to come there in the summer months, between June and August, when the weather is warm and pleasant, or around Christmas thanks to the winter magic and special atmosphere in the city. For those who choose to come during these periods, it is recommended to book flight tickets in advance as well as accommodation due to the high demand.
For those who choose to fly to Nuremberg, you should take into account special events, which are recommended to include during the visit:
Nuremberg’s Christmas market, the Christkindlesmarkt, is an important event in the city and an attraction in itself. It takes place every year in the main square in the old city and in the squares and streets adjacent to it, and attracts crowds, locals and tourists alike. Every year it is visited by over two million visitors and is known as one of the largest Christmas markets in Germany and also among the most famous in the world. The market ends on December 24, Christmas Eve, but until then, during the many days it is open, it offers countless beautiful colorful stalls, performances and a festive atmosphere like no other.